This academic study evaluates several differences between organic and conventional rice farming in West Java, Indonesia. Published in the Japanese Journal of Farm Work Research, the paper concludes:
- Organic farming has signiﬁcantly higher soil carbon storage capacity than conventional farming
- Organic farming can cut financial costs for rice farmers, but it requires almost twice as much labour
- The sharecropping system of rice farming in Indonesia is highly exploitative of workers. Therefore, research should be conducted to develop a fairer organic farming system that can enhance both local and global sustainability.