National Net Zero Policy
At the latest UN climate conference (COP25), a “Climate Ambition Alliance” identified actors “working towards” net zero. This alliance includes 120 countries plus the EU, 400 cities, 800 businesses, and 15 states and regions. Very few of these countries have actual laws or nation-wide strategies aiming at net zero. Although the ECIU estimates that 123 countries have expressed an interest in achieving net zero, in reality few countries have translated that interest into tangible action.
Different countries have different policy tools to make net zero plans. Net zero goals could be enshrined in law, as the UK has done, mentioned in their updated Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement, set out as a long-term strategy, or declared a government objective. National policies create enabling environments for other actors to make a net zero pledge, and guide policy development on both an international and sub-national level.
At the minimum national level credible net zero plans should:
- Have short- and medium-term targets
- Be comprehensive in accounting for all emissions of greenhouse gases
- Demonstrate continued effort in reducing emissions of greenhouse gases
- Intend to permanently remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to offset residual emissions.
- Public a clear plan to achieve net zero by mid-century, with actions starting now
See the full minimum criteria for the race to zero.
Oxford Net Zero is also helping inform the British Parliament’s policies to achieve net zero through the work of its Net Zero All-Party Parliamentary Group. Watch this page for more information and presentation materials from our APPG Presentations.
National policies are essential to enable other actors’ pledges to net zero.
Business for Net Zero
This page provides resources for businesses seeking to develop their own net zero business plans and to contribute to the wider effort to mitigate the climate crisis by identifying the solutions, risks and opportunities for achieving net zero in each sector.
Jera has announced its net zero carbon emissions goal and published a roadmap on how it aims to achieve this target in Japan. Japan’s largest power producer says it will reach the goal through a combination of renewable energy, ... Read more
The Kerry Group has unveiled a new sustainability strategy including a commitment to achieve net zero greenhouse emissions before 2050. As part of its Beyond the Horizon strategy, the Irish conglomerate has outlined sustainability targets that ... Read more
The Innovation Center for US Dairy has unveiled the “Net Zero Initiative,” an industry-wide effort that will help US dairy farms of all sizes and geographies implement new technologies and adopt economically viable practices. The initiative is a Read more
See more news and events