A new study published in Environmental Sciences Europe has shown that there exists an inequity between national research efforts according to the publication output and the demands and necessities of countries related to their socioeconomic status.
According to the researchers, a sound research database is necessary for sustainable approaches for assessing and mitigating climate change impacts. Their study revealed a total of 40,062 articles on climate change which were distributed over the three main subject areas clusters that distinguish between scenario modelling, risk analysis, and mitigation and adaption measurements.
The vast majority of articles on climate change (92.17%) has been published since the year 2000. A steep increase in research activity was observed from 2003 onwards when the trend followed an exponential course, which reached a small peak in 2011 and is still rising exponentially until today.
Among the ten most frequently cited articles in the database, 80% came from the USA and 20% from the UK. All of those ten articles were published after 2000, and mainly in the renowned journals Nature and Science.
The 15 most publishing institutions on climate change are located exclusively in the northern hemisphere. Almost half of the most publishing institutions are US-American (7 institutions), 3 others are British, 2 are Dutch, and 1 institution is located in China, Switzerland, and Germany respectively.
The most publishing country on climate change was the USA followed by the United Kingdom (UK) with less than half as many articles. China was placed 3rd, followed by Australia, Germany, and Canada. In principle, Africa, Asia, and South America are extremely under-represented.
Read the detailed study here.